Text narrative

he legend of karimunjava island

once upon a time in muria mountain, there lived the family of sunan muria. amir hasan or called as sunan nyamplungan is the son of sunan muria.

he was very spoiled by his mother. because of that, he became a naughty boy.

then his father, sunan muria asked him to study in kudus. he studied islamic religion to his uncle, sunan kudus. after some time, he became an obedient young man. sunan muria was very proud of him.
one day, sunan muria asked amir hasan to go to somewhere to spread islamic religion. his father asked him to go to an island that could be seen from muria mountain. it was on the west - north of jepara. this island seemed to be fade (kremun-kremun in javanese). and from that time, people called the island as karimunjava island.
amir hasan followed by his mate went to karimunjava island. they sailed to the island day and night and finally they reached the island. then they did what his father said. amir hasan and his people lived in the island ever after.

simple past tense
I bought 3 books last week. (simple past-last week udh brlalu)
He finished his school last month. (simple past-udh lama lulus)

I went to the library last night. (simple past-ket.waktu:last night)

I lived in London for 3 years. (simple past-udah selesai, sekarang nggak tinggal di London lagi)

present perfect

I have bought 3 books this week. (present perfect-this week belum berlalu, masih berlangsung)
He has finished his school. (present perfect-baru aja lulus)
I have gone to the library. (present perfect-ga jelas ket. waktunya)
I have lived in London for 3 years. (present perfect-masih berlangsung, sekarang pun masih di London)

past continous
I was watching the TV when you called last night.
at seven o'clock lastnight, I 'was studying
I was 'walking' down the street when it began to rain

Last holidays I visited a sheep property. I helped in the shearing sheds and in the yards.
sequence of events

On the first day the Merino wethers were crutched. I helped by sweeping up after the rouseabout picked up the wool pieces. Shearers start early (at 7.30 am).

After lunch, we started shearing the lambs. There were more than 400 so we didn't finish until the next day. Once again I was sweeping and picking up dags.

I was tired by the end of the day in the shed but our work wasn't finished. We all had to help to get the wethers and lambs back into the paddocks. As well, we had to get a mob of ewes and their lambs into the yards for shearing the next day. Then it was time for tea (that's what my nanna calls dinner).


This was a very long day but I enjoyed it a lot.

Key to language features:

past tense

action terms

indicates when

indicates where

focuses on individuals

© 2008 By Ipunk